Ball & Butterfly Valve
Ball valves are made up of a valve body and a big sphere. It has a center hole corresponding to the pipe's inside diameter. As the ball rotates, the valve offers the conduit or full bore that is needed for unrestricted passage of the fluid and scrapers or pigs in the completely open position. In comparison to a gate valve, a ball valve has extremely little flow resistance when fully open. A ball valve's L/D ratio is around 3.0 when fully opened. The ball valve, like the gate valve, is usually employed in either a completely open or fully closed state.